didoofcarthage
archaicwonder:

The Ramesseum, Egypt
The Ramesseum is the memorial temple of Pharaoh Ramesses II (Ramesses the Great, c. 1303 BC – July or August 1213 BC). It is located in the Theban necropolis in Upper Egypt on the Nile across From the modern city of Luxor.
The name “Rhamesséion” was coined by Jean-François Champollion, who visited the ruins of the site in 1829 and first identified the hieroglyphs making up Ramesses’s names and titles on the walls. It was originally called the “House of millions of years of Usermaatra-setepenra that unites with Thebes-the-city in the domain of Amon.”
More on the Ramesseum here

archaicwonder:

The Ramesseum, Egypt

The Ramesseum is the memorial temple of Pharaoh Ramesses II (Ramesses the Great, c. 1303 BC – July or August 1213 BC). It is located in the Theban necropolis in Upper Egypt on the Nile across From the modern city of Luxor.

The name “Rhamesséion” was coined by Jean-François Champollion, who visited the ruins of the site in 1829 and first identified the hieroglyphs making up Ramesses’s names and titles on the walls. It was originally called the “House of millions of years of Usermaatra-setepenra that unites with Thebes-the-city in the domain of Amon.”

More on the Ramesseum here

classicsenthusiast
autarkeia00:

The Gates of Hell of Ancient Greece have been found in south-western Turkey, believe a group of Italian archaeologists. The archaeologists believe the gates are found in an ancient cave called Plutonium that within houses the portal to the Hades of Greek mythology, complete with poisonous vapours. The new discovery features a temple, a pool and multiple steps that once descended into the hell. There were even inscriptions in stones related to the underworld rulers Pluto and Kore. ‘This is an exceptional discovery as it confirms and clarifies the information we have from the ancient literary and historic sources,” Alister Filippini, a researcher and Roman historian at the University of Palermo, Italy, told Discovery News. Ancient Greek mythology was used to direct and guide the archaeologists to uncover the portal to the underworld. In ancient times, people would watch the sacred rites from the steps but only the priests could stand in front of the portal opening. The gate was used for sacred rites, including sacrifices of animals. Ancient scripts from around 2000 years ago, written by Greek geographer Strabo, mentioned the gate to hell as located at the ancient site in Turkey, noted Discovery, but nobody had been able to find it until now. “This space is full of a vapour so misty and dense that one can scarcely see the ground. Any animal that passes inside meets instant death. I threw in sparrows and they immediately breathed their last and fell,” Strabo wrote. The archaeologists told Discovery that they could see the cave’s lethal properties during the excavation. Several birds died as they tried to get close to the warm opening, instantly killed by the carbon dioxide.
http://neoskosmos.com/news/en/anceitn-greek-gates-of-hell-found&utm_source=feedly

autarkeia00:

The Gates of Hell of Ancient Greece have been found in south-western Turkey, believe a group of Italian archaeologists.
The archaeologists believe the gates are found in an ancient cave called Plutonium that within houses the portal to the Hades of Greek mythology, complete with poisonous vapours. The new discovery features a temple, a pool and multiple steps that once descended into the hell. There were even inscriptions in stones related to the underworld rulers Pluto and Kore.
‘This is an exceptional discovery as it confirms and clarifies the information we have from the ancient literary and historic sources,” Alister Filippini, a researcher and Roman historian at the University of Palermo, Italy, told Discovery News.
Ancient Greek mythology was used to direct and guide the archaeologists to uncover the portal to the underworld.
In ancient times, people would watch the sacred rites from the steps but only the priests could stand in front of the portal opening. The gate was used for sacred rites, including sacrifices of animals.
Ancient scripts from around 2000 years ago, written by Greek geographer Strabo, mentioned the gate to hell as located at the ancient site in Turkey, noted Discovery, but nobody had been able to find it until now.
“This space is full of a vapour so misty and dense that one can scarcely see the ground. Any animal that passes inside meets instant death. I threw in sparrows and they immediately breathed their last and fell,” Strabo wrote.
The archaeologists told Discovery that they could see the cave’s lethal properties during the excavation. Several birds died as they tried to get close to the warm opening, instantly killed by the carbon dioxide.

http://neoskosmos.com/news/en/anceitn-greek-gates-of-hell-found&utm_source=feedly

myhdlife
cropthot:


blackbabesupremacy:

deux-zero-deux:

demands-with-menace:

Queen Hatshepsut of Ancient Egypt. She has a lovely smile for someone who’s been dead for thousands of years.

she wasn’t a queen. she was a pharaoh and wanted to be referred to as such. she even had her statues modeled after the male pharaoh’s statues to state her dominance and authority. she was actually one of the most successful pharaohs in all of ancient egyptian history and she reigned longer than any other woman in power in egypt.

Why do people insist on referring to her with European terminology?

and her weave is still flawless

cropthot:

blackbabesupremacy:

deux-zero-deux:

demands-with-menace:

Queen Hatshepsut of Ancient Egypt. She has a lovely smile for someone who’s been dead for thousands of years.

she wasn’t a queen. she was a pharaoh and wanted to be referred to as such. she even had her statues modeled after the male pharaoh’s statues to state her dominance and authority. she was actually one of the most successful pharaohs in all of ancient egyptian history and she reigned longer than any other woman in power in egypt.

Why do people insist on referring to her with European terminology?

and her weave is still flawless

isgandar
isgandar:

Hathoric Uraeus Frieze, Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari
The Hathoric Uraeus is supposed to be a rebus of the pronomen (throne name) of Hatshepsut, Maat-ka-ra (read the rearing cobra as mA’t, the arms on which is seated kA, the solar disk r’). It was invented by her royal architect, Senenmut. On this frieze you can notice the forearms of the kA sign were chiselled out. It was an attempt of Thutmose III to annihilate Hatshepsut’s Ka.

isgandar:

Hathoric Uraeus Frieze, Temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari

The Hathoric Uraeus is supposed to be a rebus of the pronomen (throne name) of Hatshepsut, Maat-ka-ra (read the rearing cobra as mA’t, the arms on which is seated kA, the solar disk r’). It was invented by her royal architect, Senenmut. On this frieze you can notice the forearms of the kA sign were chiselled out. It was an attempt of Thutmose III to annihilate Hatshepsut’s Ka.

records-of-fortune
dcnedehaan:


Apollo and Daphne: The myth of Apollo and Daphne has been examined as a battle between chastity and sexual desires. As Apollo lustfully pursues Daphne, she is saved through her metamorphosis and confinement into the laurel tree which can be seen as an act of eternal chastity. Daphne is forced to sacrifice her body and become the laurel tree as her only form of escape from the pressures of Apollo’s constant sexual desires. Apollo takes Daphne’s eternal chastity and crafts himself a wreath out of her laurel branches turning her symbol of chastity into a cultural symbol for him and other poets and musicians.

GIVEAWAY AWARD: tanaquil

dcnedehaan:

Apollo and Daphne: The myth of Apollo and Daphne has been examined as a battle between chastity and sexual desires. As Apollo lustfully pursues Daphne, she is saved through her metamorphosis and confinement into the laurel tree which can be seen as an act of eternal chastity. Daphne is forced to sacrifice her body and become the laurel tree as her only form of escape from the pressures of Apollo’s constant sexual desires. Apollo takes Daphne’s eternal chastity and crafts himself a wreath out of her laurel branches turning her symbol of chastity into a cultural symbol for him and other poets and musicians.

GIVEAWAY AWARD: tanaquil

scrollofthoth

hellas-inhabitants:

Detail relief decorative board, from those who made the artisans ‘massively’ for export. Within the 2nd century. A.D. Archaeological Museum of Piraeus.

Λεπτομέρεια ανάγλυφου διακοσμητικού πίνακα, από αυτούς που έφτιαχναν οι τεχνίτες «μαζικά» για εξαγωγή. Μέσα του 2ου αι. μ.Χ. Αρχαιολογικό Μουσείο Πειραιά.

novitas-romanitas

records-of-fortune:

records-of-fortune:

Amphitheatre of El Jem. (Classical Thysdrus) c. 238 AD.

Set on a plain in the middle of Tunisia, this Imperial Roman amphitheatre is constructed entirely of stone blocks, and has been built with no foundations, making it completely free standing and supported by a complex vaulting system. This makes it of a rare type, and the only instance of such construction to be found in Africa, as most amphitheatres from Imperial Roman provinces were built against hillsides for structural support.
It is judged to have the capacity for 35,000 spectators, making it one of the largest amphitheatres in the world. It is one of the most impressive legacies of Roman provincial governance in Africa, and speaks of the prosperity of the area under Imperial rule.
In a fantastic state of conservation, the Amphitheatre of El Jem retains most of its architectural and architectonic components. In 238 AD Gordian I began construction, and although never fully completed, due to political rivalries and fund shortages, the amphitheatre marks the prosperity of Thysdrus, a place which first flourished under the Emperor Hadrian and became a centre for olive oil manufacture.

In later history, the amphitheatre has been used as a stronghold against Arab invaders, a citadel, and a hiding place for dissidents, and has been subjected to cannon fire, quarrying and explosions.

World Heritage states that “The monument of El Jem is one of the most accomplished examples of Roman amphitheatre construction, approximating to the status of the Colosseum in Rome.”

I made a mistake in the original post and have since corrected it. The emperor responsible was Gordian I, or Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus, if you’re feeling formal.
Sorry about that!

latinlacuna
latinlacuna:

hehasawifeyouknow:

Ever heard of Mad Honey? Both the army of Xenophon and Pompey discovered it with nasty outcomes. Bees making honey from rhododendron blossoms in the region of Colchis caused it to be saturated with grayanotixins. About as pleasant to spell as they are to ingest these toxins cause vomiting, dizziness, weakness, paresthesia, severe hypotension and bradycardia. To give you an idea of how effective this honey was the way you could test to see if it was the mad stuff would be to hold some in your hands. If it was mad honey you’d soon feel an odd tingling sensation running up your arm.
 Needless to say eating large amounts of it would leave you in a very bad place.  Xenophon’s battered army on its long walk home stumbled across some (Ana 4.820-21) though there were no casualties the troops experienced dizziness, vomiting and left many of them unable to walk for several days.
 It wouldn’t be soon before this natural occurrence was weaponised with varying blossoms being used to create differing varieties of ‘Mad Honey’.  An army of Pompey, whilst pursuing the Heptacometae again in Colchis came across large amounts of prepared honey on their march.  The troops thought they’d struck gold, as foraging whilst in the march was a regular activity.  Unfortunately the honey was a trap, the soldiers in a near paralytic state were easily overcome by the enemy (Strabo 12:3:8)
 As mentioned it may have been different types of honey that befell Xenophon and Pompey, but it was in the same region, Colchis. For those with a keen memory this might ring a few bells as it was the region Medea, that arch witch and poisoner, hailed from.
 You can take the woman out of Colchis……
 
(image from an black figure amphora c 540BC, the scene depicts a bee attack)

Do not eat the rhododendron honey.

latinlacuna:

hehasawifeyouknow:

Ever heard of Mad Honey? Both the army of Xenophon and Pompey discovered it with nasty outcomes. Bees making honey from rhododendron blossoms in the region of Colchis caused it to be saturated with grayanotixins. About as pleasant to spell as they are to ingest these toxins cause vomiting, dizziness, weakness, paresthesia, severe hypotension and bradycardia. To give you an idea of how effective this honey was the way you could test to see if it was the mad stuff would be to hold some in your hands. If it was mad honey you’d soon feel an odd tingling sensation running up your arm.

 Needless to say eating large amounts of it would leave you in a very bad place.  Xenophon’s battered army on its long walk home stumbled across some (Ana 4.820-21) though there were no casualties the troops experienced dizziness, vomiting and left many of them unable to walk for several days.

 It wouldn’t be soon before this natural occurrence was weaponised with varying blossoms being used to create differing varieties of ‘Mad Honey’.  An army of Pompey, whilst pursuing the Heptacometae again in Colchis came across large amounts of prepared honey on their march.  The troops thought they’d struck gold, as foraging whilst in the march was a regular activity.  Unfortunately the honey was a trap, the soldiers in a near paralytic state were easily overcome by the enemy (Strabo 12:3:8)

 As mentioned it may have been different types of honey that befell Xenophon and Pompey, but it was in the same region, Colchis. For those with a keen memory this might ring a few bells as it was the region Medea, that arch witch and poisoner, hailed from.

 You can take the woman out of Colchis……

 

(image from an black figure amphora c 540BC, the scene depicts a bee attack)

Do not eat the rhododendron honey.